Ankle/foot swelling (second trimester until delivery)

  • While sitting, prop your feet up (even a few inches up helps) and do not cross your legs.
  • Continue drinking lots of fluids (at least 8 glasses daily).
  • Wear comfortable shoes or sandals and avoid high heels.
  • Consider support hosiery.

Breast tenderness (begins early and continues)

  • Wear well-fitted good support or athletic bra day and night.
  • Soak in a warm bath.

Breast leakage (may begin second trimester)

  • Wear pads in bra.
  • Avoid harsh soaps or creams.

Entire pregnancy

  • Use a very soft tooth brush to avoid bleeding gums.
  • Get routine dental care.
  • Gently brush teeth at least twice daily.
  • Floss daily.
  • Use good dental hygiene.

Constipation (entire pregnancy)

  • Eat foods high in fibre (bran, green leafy vegetables, whole grain cereals/breads, fruits) daily.
  • Drink at least 8 - 10 glasses of fluids daily.
  • If approved by your provider, exercise daily (this will help move food through the bowel).
  • Walk after meals

Do not take stool softeners, laxatives, or enemas unless you talk with your provider Contractions (Braxton Hicks) - after 20th week

  • Know this is part of your uterus getting “ready” for labour.
  • Empty bladder and drink 2 - 3 glasses of wastewater.
  • Lie down on your side with hands on belly.
  • Keep track of how often these occur.

Dizziness - as your uterus enlarges

  • Move slowly when getting up from lying down or sitting.
  • Eat small, frequent meals and healthy snacks with protein to avoid low blood sugar.
  • Drink lots of fluids especially if exercising or in hot weather.
  • If dizzy, lie down on your side.

Enlarging belly and breasts - Second half of pregnancy

  • Sleep on your side with a pillow between your legs.
  • Wear loose, comfortable clothes.
  • Wear support bra even to bed.
  • Use maternity support belt.
  • Fatigue or tiredness Early in pregnancy and again in the last month

    • Take extra naps during the day if possible. Avoid fluids before bedtime.
    • Continue mild exercise but not to the point of exhaustion.
    • Try to get at least 8 hours of sleep at the same time each night.

    Flatulence (gas) - anytime, especially after 20 weeks

    • Eat foods high in fibre daily.
    • Drink at least 8 glasses of water daily.
    • Avoid gas-forming foods such as beans, cabbage and sodas.
    • If approved by your provider, exercise daily.
    • Walk after meals.

    Food cravings - First half of pregnancy

    OK to indulge if food choice is not harmful.

    Frequent urination begins early, gets better mid-pregnancy, then increases towards the end of pregnancy when baby drops

    • Don’t cut back on fluids.
    • Know bathroom locations.
    • Expect to make many trips to the bathroom, day and night.
    • Avoid drinking lots of fluids before bedtime.

    Headache - second half of pregnancy

    • Use mild pain relievers such as Paracetamol as directed.
    • Avoid aspirin, ibuprofen and other pain medications, unless you have discussed their use with your healthcare provider.
    • Avoid eyestrain.
    • Rest eyes frequently and take frequent computer breaks.
    • Get gentle massages and do mild stretching exercises.
    • Drink plenty of water.
      • Heart Burn - 2nd trimester till delivery

        • Eat 6 - 8 small meals daily.
        • Eat slowly, chew food well.
        • Avoid deep fried, greasy, and spicy foods.
        • Drink fluids between your meals.
        • Avoid citrus fruits or juices.
        • Go for a walk after meals.
        • Avoid lying down right after eating.
        • Antacids can help.

        Haemorrhoids - any time

        • Prevent constipation. Try not to strain with bowel movement.
        • Apply haemorrhoid ointment as needed (discuss with provider).
        • Apply witch hazel pads.
        • Take Sitz baths.
        • Do your Kegel exercises (Register & attend HalaBaby program to know more).

        Increased perspiration - any time

        • Increase fluids intake.
        • Wear easily washable, comfortable, loose fitting clothing.
        • Practice good hygiene.

        Increased Saliva - first trimester

        • Gum and hard candy - watch excess calories.
        • Use mouthwash.
        • Avoid starches.

        Increased vaginal discharge - Entire pregnancy

        • Wear cotton underwear.
        • Avoid nylon underwear/panty hose, feminine hygiene soaps or sprays.
        • Do not douche.

        Leg Cramps - second half of pregnancy

        • Extra potassium or calcium may help (try eating a banana every day or drinking a glass of milk).
        • Gently stretch by - sitting down, extending legs and flexing toes towards body (grab toes if you can and pull towards yourself). Your partner can help with this.
        • Mild exercise may help.

        Ligament pain (sharp pulling sensation on either side of the lower abdomen) - Increases with increasing uterine size

        • Support your weight with your hands when changing positions.
        • Move slower.
        • A mild analgesic may help.
        • Apply ice to affected side.
        • Use maternity girdle/belt for support.
        • Lean back in a slant position supporting your back with your knees bent.

        Light headed & dizzy - begins early and continues

        • Stop what you are doing and lie on your left side with your legs up for short period of time.
        • If unable to lie down, sit immediately and tell someone you are dizzy.
        • If dizziness resolves, get up slowing from lying to sitting, then up to standing position if possible.
        • Ensure adequate hydration by drinking plenty of water.

        Nasal stuffiness & bleeding - first trimester and again at term

        • Use a saline nasal spray.
        • Use cool mist humidifier/vaporiser if air is dry.
        • Talk with your provider about OTC medications.
        • Avoid using nasal decongestant sprays.
        • Blow your nose gently.
        • Ensure adequate hydration by drinking plenty of fluids.
        • Stop bleed by squeezing nose between thumb and forefinger for a few minutes.

        Nausea (Morning Sickness) - occurs in early pregnancy and usually improves after first trimester Numbness/tingling fingers/hands (Carpel Tunnel Syndrome) - Second and third trimester

        • Elevate hands and wrists as much as possible.
        • Rest hands with frequent breaks.
        • Talk with your health care provider about wrist splints.

        Sleeplessness - anytime but especially last trimester

        • Try a warm bath before bedtime.
        • Avoid stimulating activity before bedtime.
        • Avoid drinks containing caffeine.
        • Use relaxation techniques.